The COMBINE Manual is directed to
perform monitoring to quantify impacts of nutrients and hazardous substances in
the marine environment and to measure chemical and hydrographic parameters.
The COMBINE Manual is currently under review. Revised guidelines will be incorporated as part of the Monitoring Manual as they become ready and are adopted.
(Data collected under COMBINE can be downloaded from ICES Oceanographic database. Monitoring data can be also visualized and downloaded in the ICES EcoSystemData map service.)
Guidelines for Monitoring of Radioactive Substances for discharges and
radioactivity in the marine environment. The monitoring quantifies the sources and inputs of artificial
radionuclides, as well as the resulting trends in the various compartments of
the marine environment (water, biota, sediment).
Guidelines for monitoring ofthe waterborne pollution load
quantify emissions of nutrients and hazardous substances to the air,
discharges and losses to inland surface waters, and the resulting air and
waterborne inputs to the sea.
Guidelines for coordinated cost-effective monitoring of marine wintering birds
Guidelines for Seal Abundance Monitoring
Guidelines for monitoring reproductive status of seals in the HELCOM area
Guidelines for monitoring of biological effects - imposex and intersex
Guidelines for coastal fish monitoring
Guidelines for non-indigenous species monitoring by extended Rapid Assessment Survey (eRAS)
Guidelines for monitoring phytoplankton species composition, abundance and biomass
Guidelines for monitoring of zooplankton
Guidelines for measuring Secchi depth
Guidelines for measuring chlorophyll a
Guidelines for sampling and determination of ammonium
Guidelines for sampling and determination of nitrate
Guidelines for sampling and determination of nitrite
Guidelines for sampling and determination of phosphate
Guidelines for sampling and determination of total nitrogen
Guidelines for sampling and determination of total phosphorus
Guidelines for sampling and determination of silicate
Guidelines for sampling and determination of hydrogen sulphide
Guidelines for determination of POPs in seawater
Guidelines for determination of chlorinated hydrocarbons in sediment
Guidelines for determination of PAH in sediment
Guidelines for sampling and determination of pH
Guidelines for sampling and determination of total alkalinity
Guidelines for monitoring of salinity and temperature using CTD
Guidelines for measuring turbidity
HELCOM also coordinates the surveillance of deliberate illegal oil spills around the Baltic Sea, and assesses the numbers and distribution of such spills on an annual basis. See Guidelines for Response to spills.
Library of all HELCOM Manuals and guidelines