Monitoring programme: ContaminantsProgramme topic: Concentration of contaminants
The monitoring of this sub-programme is: partly coordinated.
Common monitoring guidelines: HELCOM COMBINE manual,
MORS Guidelines, Guidelines for determination of POPs in seawater
and different approaches e.g. CEMP manual, ICES guidelines, ISO/CEN standards (see
Common quality assurance programme:
HELCOM COMBINE manual,
ISO/CEN standards and
QUASIMEME. Radioactive substances:
MORS Guidelines defines methodologies for sample treatment, analysis and intercomparison. Reported data is manually quality assured by the HELCOM Secretariat and results are reported and verified in annual MORS EG meetings.
Common database: COMBINE.
There is no current plan for coordinated monitoring of contaminants in water, other than radionucleides, unless national EQS are established for another matrix.
Concentrations of hazardous substances close to natural levelsRadioactivity at pre-Chernobyl level
Other features:A description of the situation with regard to chemicals, including chemicals giving rise to concern, sediment contamination, hotspots, health issues and contamination of biota (especially biota meant for human consumption)
Concentration of chemical/nutrient/pollutant in water column
Varies from 1-2 to 24 samples/station/year, depending on country.
DE: regular sampling through:
BSH: May/June, Aug/Sept and Oct/Nov, annually
IOW: Jan/Feb and Jul/Aug, annually
LLUR: Jan/Feb and Jul/Aug, annually
DE: regular sampling for metals as specified in the measuring programme:
BSH: Jan/Feb, Mar, Aug/Sep and Oct/Nov, annually
Obligatory radionuclides: Radiocesium: Cs-137 and Cs-134, if possible. Sr-90.
Voluntary radionuclides: H-3; Tc-99; Pu-239, 240; Am-241; natural radionuclides (e.g. Po-210)
Monitoring is to be carried out to fulfill assessment requirements of HELCOM ecological objectives that are specified through HELCOM core indicators. The requirements on monitoring can
include number of stations, the sampling frequency and replication.
Monitoring should provide adequate data and information to enable periodic assessments of environmental status, and distance from and progress towards GES as required by MSFD under Article 9 and 11.
Assessment of natural variability (Q5e)
Radioactive substances: HELCOM MORS
Contact point to national monitoring programmes will be added
Common implementation strategy for the Water Framework Directive (2000/60/EC). Guidance Document No. 19. European Commission 2010. Guidance on surface water chemical monitoring under the Water Framework Directive. Luxemburg: office for Official Publications of the European Communities
Determination of Hexabromocyclododecane (HBCD) in sediment and biota. ICES TIMES No. 44 (2
Determination of parent and alkylated polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in biota andsediment. ICES TIMES No. 45 (2009)
Determination of perfluoroalkyl compounds in water, sediment, and biota – ICES TIMES No. 48 (2010)
Determination of polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) in sediment and biota. ICES TIMES No. 46 (2009)
DIN EN ISO/IEC 17025
DIN EN ISO5667-3, 2004-05
ISO TS 13530,
ISO 5667-9, 1992-10
JAMP Guidelines for the analysis of PFCs in water
LST EN ISO 17993:2004
Technical guidance on monitoring for the MSFD