Monitoring programme: ContaminantsProgramme topic: Inputs
The monitoring of this sub-programme is: fully coordinated.
Common monitoring guidelines: Waterborne Pollution Load Compilation (PLC) guidelines for monitoring and reporting of data.
Common quality assurance programme: recommendations included in the PLC Guidelines.
Common database: PLC database - presently being modernized by HELCOM PLUS project to improve data quality assurance and access via an online application.
Directive 2000/60/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council establishing a framework for the Community action in the field of water policy
1998 Aarhus Protocol on Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs) and Kiev Protocol on Pollutant Release and Transfer Registersof the UNECE Convention on Long-Range Transboundary Air Pollution (CLRTAP)
of the European Parliament and the Council concerning integrated pollution prevention and control
Minamanta Convention on Mercury
Frequency 1/year to 1/week. An
overview of monitoring by the Contracting Parties in 2012 was compiled by the PLC-6 project.
PLC monitoring takes place in the terrestrial catchment area and covers inputs to the entire Baltic Sea.
Coverage of most of the catchment of the Baltic Sea: Monitored rivers and unmonitored areas and direct point source loads.
Monitoring is to be carried out to fulfill assessment requirements of HELCOM ecological objectives that are specified through HELCOM core indicators. The requirements on monitoring can
include number of stations, the sampling frequency and replication.
Data on waterborne inputs of hazardous substances are needed to assess the amount of inputs to the Baltic Sea. These can be used to identify pollution hot spots and to assess the effectiveness of measures taken to reduce pollution loads (e.g. implementation of BSAP, HELCOM Recommendations, WFD river basin management plans and other international requirements). The data are presently used for HELCOM pollution load assessments and the intention is, in the near future, to develop a core pressure indicator on inputs of contaminants.
Pressure data should also be useable for HELCOM holistic assessments (i.e. pressure index).
Typically missing are:
1) individual parameters of some sources (not analyzed by the CPs as they are not nationally mandatory parameters or obliged to be reported by the polluter)
2) National reporting for loads on unmonitored areas has not been established and no reporting occurred.
This section indicates whether the programme provides suitable and sufficient data and information to enable assessment of progress towards achievement of the relevant environmental targets (using indicators identified by MS under Art. 10).
There has been no formal agreement on targets for waterborne inputs of hazardous substance. Contracting Parties report total inputs of selected hazardous substance on an annual basis. These data have been assessed in the periodic PLC reports (e.g. PLC-4 and PLC-5). A core indicator on inputs of hazardous substances should be developed - once targets are agreed on, appropriate figure(s) could be produced.
It should be noted however that data quality is questionable and hence the uncertainty high. No sufficient emission assessment or deposition modeling exist for numerous substances.
Currently no concrete plan
Plans for targets (Q6f)
There is a need to develop a HELCOM core indicator on inputs of contaminants and associated targets for such indicator.
The contaminants input indicator may combine atmospheric and
waterborne inputs into one report. There is no time table for
development of such indicator or associated target.
Measures - nature of the activity and/or pressure covered by the programme (spatial distribution, frequency of activity)
How the monitoring is considered adequate to identify which activities and pressures that are causing environmental degradation and how it can help identifying new measures (Q7b)
Measures - Adequacy dor assesssments of measures (Art. 13) (Q7e)The monitoring supports assessment of follow up measures.
Currently no concrete plan
Assessment of natural variability (Q5e)
No systematic trend analysis has been made on waterborne inputs of heavy metals due to the poor quality of data.
Review of the Fifth Baltic Sea Pollution Load Compilation for the 2013 HELCOM Ministerial Meeting (2013) (BSEP 141)
Fifth Baltic Sea Pollution Load Compilation (PLC-5) An Executive Summary (BSEP 128A)
Fifth Baltic Sea Pollution Load Compilation (2011) (BSEP 128)
Recommendation 26-2 Compilation of waterborne pollution load (PLC Water)