Monitoring programme: LitterProgramme topic: Litter
Concentrations of hazardous substances close to natural levels
10.1 Characteristics of litter in the marine and coastal environment10.2 Impacts of litter on marine life
Other features:A description of any other features or characteristics typical of or specific to the marine region or subregion.
10.1.3 Trends in the amount, distribution and, where possible, composition of micro-particles (in particular micro-plastics...
Detailed information on monitoring frequency and spatial resolution has not yet been collected from all countries but will be added.
Monitoring is to be carried out to fulfill assessment requirements of HELCOM ecological objectives that are specified through HELCOM core indicators. The requirements on monitoring can
include number of stations, the sampling frequency and replication.
Adequacy for assessment of GES (Q5d)
Monitoring should provide adequate data and information to enable the periodic assessment of environmental status, and distance from and progress towards GES as required by MSFD under Article 9 and 11.
Assessment of natural variability (Q5e)
Guidance on Monitoring of Marine Litter in European Seas. JRC, 2013