Monitoring programme: LitterProgramme topic: Litter
Hazardous substancesBiodiversityMaritime activities
Concentrations of hazardous substances close to natural levelsNatural landscapes and seascapesThriving and balanced commnities of plants and animalsNo illegal pollutionSafe maritime traffic without accidental pollution
10DC1 The composition, amount and spatial distribution of litter on the coastline, in the surface layer of the water column, and on the seabed, are at levels that do not cause harm to the coastal and marine environment.Member States shall establish threshold values for these levels through cooperation at Union level, taking into account regional or subregional specificities.
Other features:A description of any other features or characteristics typical of or specific to the marine region or subregion.
Bathing Water DirectiveOSPAR ConventionMSFD D10C1
Monitoring is to be carried out to fulfill assessment requirements of HELCOM ecological objectives that are specified through HELCOM core indicators. The requirements on monitoring can include number of stations, the sampling frequency and replication.
There is wide experience and data collected on litter in the seafloor and fishing gear/lost fishing nets in the HELCOM area. Seafloor litter collection is integrated to bottom trawling for fish stocks assessment, so therefore the selection of the sampling stations as well as frequency is associated to the casuistic of the species of interest. Finally, information provided from fishing for litter initiatives contributes to the assessment of the quality of the open water.
National monitoring is ongoing in several Contracting Parties, although no coordinated monitoring programme is in force.
Adequacy for assessment of GES (Q5d)
Monitoring should provide adequate data and information to enable the periodic assessment of environmental status, and distance from and progress towards GES as required by MSFD under Article 9 and 11.
Assessment of natural variability (Q5e)