Monitoring programme: Non-indigenous species, Biodiveristy - Water column habitats, Biodiveristy - Seabed habitatProgramme topic: Non-indigenous species
The monitoring of this sub-programme is: partly coordinated.
The monitoring of phytoplankton, zooplankton, macrophytes and benthic fauna undertaken as part of
HELCOM COMBINE manual is coordinated and ongoing. Port monitoring has a coordinated and agreed protocol, but the monitoring itself is not ongoing and the ports that should be included in the monitoring are not agreed at Baltic scale. The monitoring is not adapted to serving the core indicator 'Trends in arrival of new non-indigenous species'.
Coordinated monitoring is developed in ports through the Joint HELCOM/OSPAR Task Group on Ballast Water Management Convention Exceptions (TG BALLAST).
Guidelines for extended Rapid Assessment Monitoring of non-indigenous species.
Thriving and balanced communities of plants and animalsViable populations of speciesNo introductions of alien species from ships
1.7 Ecosystem structure2.1 Abundance and state characterisation of non-indigenous species, in particular invasive species2.2 Environmental impact of invasive non-indigenous species
Pressures and impacts, MSFD Annex III Table 2 (Q5c)
Man-made structures: PortTransport: shipping
Ballast Water Management Convention
Full description in
HELCOM COMBINE manual. Detailed information on monitoring frequency and spatial resolution has not yet been collected from all countries but will be added.
Monitoring is to be carried out to fulfill assessment requirements of HELCOM ecological objectives that are specified through HELCOM core indicators. The requirements on monitoring can include number of stations, frequency or sampling and replication.
Adequacy for assessment of GES (Q5d)
Monitoring should provide adequate data and information to enable the periodic assessment of environmental status, and distance from and progress towards GES as required by MSFD under Article 9 and 11.
Assessment of natural variability (Q5e)
Abundance and distribution of marenzelleria speciesAbundance and distribution of Round gobyAbundance and distribution of the Zebra musselBiopollution level indexObserved non-indigenous and cryptogenic species in the Baltic Sea
HELCOM/OSPAR Joint Harmonized Procedure