Monitoring programme: Eutrophication, Biodiversity - Water column habitatsProgramme topic: Phytoplankton
The monitoring of this sub-programme is: fully coordinated.
Common monitoring guidelines.
Common quality assurance programme:
HELCOM COMBINE manual.
Common database: ICES.
Biological features:A description of the biological communities associated with the predominant seabed and water column habitats.
Full description in
HELCOM COMBINE manual. Detailed information on monitoring frequency and spatial resolution has not yet been collected from all countries but will be added.
Data on abundance available from: Southern Baltic Proper, Kattegat, Bothnian Bay, Bothnian Sea, Northern Baltic Proper, Western Gotland Basin, Eastern Gotland Basin and the Gulf of Gdansk, Quark, Åland Sea, Archipelago Sea, Gulf of Finland.
See map for details
Data on biomass available from: Southern Baltic Proper, Gulf of Gdansk, Bothnian Bay, Bothnian Sea, the Quarck, Åland Sea, Archipelago Sea, Gulf of Finland.
Monitoring is to be carried out to fulfill assessment requirements of HELCOM ecological objectives that are specified through HELCOM core indicators. The requirements on monitoring can
include number of stations, the sampling frequency and replication.
Adequacy for assessment of GES (Q5d)
Monitoring should provide adequate data and information to enable the periodic assessment of environmental status, and distance from and progress towards GES as required by MSFD under Article 9 and 11.
Assessment of natural variability
As the data is open access it is freely available for the EEA
Contact point to national monitoring programmes will be added
Cyanobacteria biomassUnusual phytoplankton event
Lindahl, O., 1986. A dividable hose for phytoplankton sampling. In Report of the ICES Working Group on Exceptional Algal Blooms, Hirtshals, Denmark, 17-19 March 1986. ICES, C.M. 1986/L:26.
Olenina, I., Hajdu, S., Andersson, A.,Edler, L., Wasmund, N., Busch, S., Göbel, J., Gromisz, S., Huseby, S., Huttunen, M., Jaanus, A., Kokkonen, P., Ledaine, I.,
Niemkiewicz, E., 2006. Biovolumes and size-classes of phytoplankton in the Baltic Sea. Baltic Sea Environment Proceedings No.106, 144pp.