Monitoring programme: Eutrophication, Biodiversity - Water column habitatsProgramme topic: Zooplankton
The monitoring of this sub-programme is: partly coordinated. Coordinated monitoring is developed by the ZEN QAI project that partially addresses quality assurance work in zooplankton analysis.
Common monitoring guidelines: mesozooplankton, HELCOM COMBINE manual.
Common quality assurance programme: missing
Common database: missing. Data are hosted by analyzing laboratories and national databases. Submission of data to ICES database is not always a requirement.
Full description in
HELCOM COMBINE manual. Detailed information on monitoring frequency and spatial resolution has not yet been collected from all countries but will be added.
Monitoring is to be carried out to fulfill assessment requirements of HELCOM ecological objectives that are specified through HELCOM core indicators. The requirements on monitoring can
include number of stations, the sampling frequency and replication.
Adequacy for assessment of GES (Q5d)
Monitoring should provide adequate data and information to enable the periodic assessment of environmental status, and distance from and progress towards GES as required by MSFD under Article 9 and 11.
Assessment of natural variability (Q5e)
Quantitative. The natural variability is estimated using control charts and long-term data sets.