HELCOM RED LIST Biotope Expert Team
Baltic bottoms in the photic zone with at least 90 % coverage of rock, boulders or stones of more than 63 mm in diameter. Sessile/semi-sessile epibenthic moss animals cover at least 10 % of the seabed and more than other perennial attached erect groups.
Salinity range: All; Exposure range: all, more common in exposed areas; Depth range: photic zone
Electra crustulenta, Flustra foliacea
Moss animals can live as epiphytes (e.g. Electra crustulenta on Fucus spp.). In the BSEUNIS classification epiphytes are considered to be quality descriptors, not habitat forming.
Diversity, abundance and biomass of fauna.
Whole Baltic Sea
2.1 Rocky bottoms
2.1.1 Soft rock
126.96.36.199 Sublittoral photic zone
2.1.2 Solid rock (bedrock)
188.8.131.52 Sublittoral photic zone
2.2 Stony bottoms
2.2.2 Sublittoral photic zone
EUNIS 2012: A3.4 : Baltic exposed infralittoral rock A3.5 : Baltic moderately exposed infralittoral rock A3.6 : Baltic sheltered infralittoral rock
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