AA.B1V Baltic photic hard clay characterized by mixed epibenthic macrocommunity


Author                                     

HELCOM RED LIST Biotope Expert Team

Textual description            

Baltic photic zone bottoms with at least 90 % coverage of hard clay. No perennial attached erect group has ≥ 10 % coverage.

Physical environment       

Substrate is hard clay. Depth range: photic zone. Typically high energy exposure areas.

Quality descriptors             

Diversity, abundance and biomass of fauna.

Geographic range               

Whole Baltic Sea

Anthropogenic threats     

Eutrophication

Correspondence with other classification systems               

HELCOM 1998:

2.3 Hard clay bottoms

2.3.2 Sublittoral photic zone

2.3.2.1 Bottoms with little or no macrophyte vegetation


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