AA.B4 Baltic photic hard clay characterized by no macroscopic biotic structures


Author

HELCOM RED LIST Biotope Expert Team

Textual description

Baltic bottoms in the photic zone with at least 90 % coverage of hard clay. No macrovegetation, no macro- epi- or infauna

Physical environment

Salinity range: all; Exposure range: all; Depth range: photic zone

Geographic range

Whole Baltic Sea

Anthropogenic threats

Eutrophication

Correspondence with other classification systems

HELCOM 1998:
2.3 Hard clay bottoms

2.3.2 Sublittoral photic zone

2.3.2.1 Bottoms with little or no macrophytevegetation

 Publications

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