HELCOM RED LIST Biotope Expert Team
Baltic bottoms in the photic zone with at least 90 % coverage of muddy sediment. The sediment must contain at least 20 % of mud, silt or clay (grain size less than 63 µm). Submerged rooted plants cover at least 10 % of the seabed and more than other perennial attached erect groups. Of the submerged rooted plants, Charales constitutes at least 50 % of the biovolume
Salinity range: <6 psu; Exposure range: low; Depth range: photic zone from about 0.2 to 7 meters.
Chara aspera, Chara tomentosa, Tolypella nidifica, Chara horrida
Whole Baltic Sea
2.7 Muddy bottoms
2.7.2 Sublittoral photic zone
18.104.22.168 Dominated by macrophyte vegetation
A5 Sublittoral sediment
A5.5 Sublittoral macrophyte-dominated sediment
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This biotope has been listed as Near Threatened (NT) in the HELCOM Red List of Baltic Sea biotopes and habitats.
See the Biotope Information Sheet of AA.H1B4