HELCOM RED LIST Biotope Expert Team
Baltic bottoms in the photic zone with at least 90 % coverage of coarse sediment. Coarse sediment has less than 20 % of mud/silt/clay fraction (<63 µm), and the proportion of gravel and pebbles (grain size 2–63 mm) exceeds 30% of the combined gravel and sand fraction . No perennial attached erect group has a coverage ≥ 10%. Stable aggregations of unattached perennial vegetation covers at least 10 %, out of which Fucus spp. (dwarf form) constitutes at least 50 % of the biovolume.
range: >4.5 psu; Exposure range: sheltered to exposed; Depth range: photic
zone from about 0.5 to 5 meters
Fucus vesiculosus dwarf form (synonym f.pygmaea)
from Swedish and German coasts
light penetration depth and increased sedimentation caused by eutrophication.
2.4 Gravel bottoms
2.4.2 Sublittoral photic zone
22.214.171.124 Level bottoms dominated by macrophyte vegetation
A5 Sublittoral sediment
A5.5 Sublittoral macrophyte-dominated sediment
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This biotope has been listed as Endangered (EN) in the HELCOM Red List of Baltic Sea biotopes and habitats.