AA.M1A1 Baltic photic mixed substrate dominated by common reed (Phragmites australis)


HELCOM RED LIST Biotope Expert Team

Textual description 

Baltic bottoms in the photic zone with more than 10 %, but less than 90 % coverage of both hard and soft substrata. Emergent vegetation covers least 10 % of the seabed and more than other perennial attached erect groups. Out of the emergent vegetation, common reed constitutes at least 50 % of the biovolume.

Physical environment       

Salinity range: low to moderate; Exposure range: low; Depth range: photic zone down to about 2 meters.

Characteristic species        

Phragmites australis


Whole Baltic Sea

Correspondence with other classification systems               

HELCOM 1998:

2.8 Mixed sediment bottoms

2.8.2 Sublittoral photic zone Dominated by macrophyte vegetation

EUNIS 2012:

A5 Sublittoral sediment

A5.5 Sublittoral macrophyte-dominated sediment

A5.54 Angiosperm communities in reduced salinity

A5.541 Vegetation of brackish waters dominated by [Phragmites australis]