Red List of Fish and Lamprey species

Anguilla anguilla by Anders Asp.jpg

                                                                                                                    Photo: Anders Asp

Among the fish and lamprey species, 14 were evaluated as threatened (Critically Endangered, Endangered or Vulnerable), nine as Near Threatened, eight as Data Deficient and two were regarded Regionally Extinct.


The two Regionally Extinct species in the HELCOM area are the American Atlantic sturgeon (Acipenser oxyrinchus) and the common skate (Dipturus batis).

Four species were categorised as Critically Endangered, the Baltic Sea populations of the grayling (Thymallus thymallus), the eel (Anguilla anguilla) and two sharks, the porbeagle (Lamna nasus) and the spurdog (Squalus acanthias), all of which have experienced dramatic population declines in the HELCOM area. Three species were assessed Endangered: the Atlantic wolf-fish (Anarhichas lupus), the whitefish (Coregonus maraena) and the ling (Molva molva), and seven as Vulnerable: sea lamprey (Petromyzon marinus), the tope shark (Galeorhinus galeus), the thornback ray (Raja clavata), the cod (Gadus morhua), the whiting (Merlangius merlangus), the salmon (Salmo salar) and the trout (Salmo trutta).

For all except one species, the sea lamprey, the threatened categories were assigned on the basis of estimated past population declines or, in some cases, past declines combined with projected future declines. For the sea lamprey the category assignment was based on the small size and continuously declining population. Additionally, nine species were evaluated Near Threatened and eight Data Deficient.


Fishing, either as targeted commercial or recreational fishing or as bycatch, are mentioned among the most important reasons for becoming threatened for most of the red-listed fish species. For anadromous fish species, the main threats are migration barriers due to construction of rivers.  Eutrophication causing the loss of habitats, both directly due to filamentous algae covering habitats and indirectly due to oxygen deficiency, is a serious threat to several fish species.

HELCOM Red List Dipturus batis.pdfHELCOM Red List Dipturus batisDipturus batisRegionally Extinct (RE)-
HELCOM Red List Acipenser oxyrinchus.pdfHELCOM Red List Acipenser oxyrinchusAcipenser oxyrinchusRegionally Extinct (RE)-
HELCOM Red List Squalus acanthias.pdfHELCOM Red List Squalus acanthiasSqualus acanthiasCritically Endangered (CR)A2bd
HELCOM Red List Thymallus thymallus.pdfHELCOM Red List Thymallus thymallusThymallus thymallusCritically Endangered (CR)A2bcd
HELCOM Red List Anguilla anguilla.pdfHELCOM Red List Anguilla anguillaAnguilla anguillaCritically Endangered (CR)A3bde+4bde
HELCOM Red List Lamna nasus.pdfHELCOM Red List Lamna nasusLamna nasusCritically Endangered (CR)A2bd
HELCOM Red List Molva molva.pdfHELCOM Red List Molva molvaMolva molvaEndangered (EN)A2d
HELCOM Red List Anarhichas lupus.pdfHELCOM Red List Anarhichas lupusAnarhichas lupusEndangered (EN)A2d
HELCOM Red List Coregonus maraena.pdfHELCOM Red List Coregonus maraenaCoregonus maraenaEndangered (EN)A2bd
HELCOM Red List Petromyzon marinus.pdfHELCOM Red List Petromyzon marinusPetromyzon marinusVulnerable (VU)C2a(i)
HELCOM Red List Raja clavata.pdfHELCOM Red List Raja clavataRaja clavataVulnerable (VU)A2bd
HELCOM Red List Salmo salar.pdfHELCOM Red List Salmo salarSalmo salarVulnerable (VU)A4b
HELCOM Red List Salmo trutta.pdfHELCOM Red List Salmo truttaSalmo truttaVulnerable (VU)A4b
HELCOM Red List Gadus morhua.pdfHELCOM Red List Gadus morhuaGadus morhuaVulnerable (VU)A2b,c + A4b,c
HELCOM Red List Galeorhinus galeus.pdfHELCOM Red List Galeorhinus galeusGaleorhinus galeusVulnerable (VU)A2bd, D1
HELCOM Red List Merlangius merlangus.pdfHELCOM Red List Merlangius merlangusMerlangius merlangusVulnerable (VU)A2bd
HELCOM Red List Melanogrammus aeglefinus.pdfHELCOM Red List Melanogrammus aeglefinusMelanogrammus aeglefinusNear Threatened (NT)B1a+2a
HELCOM Red List Merluccius merluccius.pdfHELCOM Red List Merluccius merlucciusMerluccius merlucciusNear Threatened (NT)B1a+2a
HELCOM Red List Scophthalmus maximus.pdfHELCOM Red List Scophthalmus maximusScophthalmus maximusNear Threatened (NT)A2bd
HELCOM Red List Zoarces viviparus.pdfHELCOM Red List Zoarces viviparusZoarces viviparusNear Threatened (NT)A2b
HELCOM Red List Aspius aspius.pdfHELCOM Red List Aspius aspiusAspius aspiusNear Threatened (NT)A3d
HELCOM Red List Cyclopterus lumpus.pdfHELCOM Red List Cyclopterus lumpusCyclopterus lumpusNear Threatened (NT)A2b
HELCOM Red List Enchelyopus cimbrius.pdfHELCOM Red List Enchelyopus cimbriusEnchelyopus cimbriusNear Threatened (NT)A2b
HELCOM Red List Lampetra fluviatilis.pdfHELCOM Red List Lampetra fluviatilisLampetra fluviatilisNear Threatened (NT)A2bd
HELCOM Red List Lota lota.pdfHELCOM Red List Lota lotaLota lotaNear Threatened (NT)A2b
HELCOM Red List Phrynorhombus norvegicus.pdfHELCOM Red List Phrynorhombus norvegicusPhrynorhombus norvegicusData Deficient (DD)-
HELCOM Red List Pomatoschistus norvegicus.pdfHELCOM Red List Pomatoschistus norvegicusPomatoschistus norvegicusData Deficient (DD)-
HELCOM Red List Pomatoschistus pictus.pdfHELCOM Red List Pomatoschistus pictusPomatoschistus pictusData Deficient (DD)-
HELCOM Red List Zeugopterus punctatus.pdfHELCOM Red List Zeugopterus punctatusZeugopterus punctatusData Deficient (DD)-
HELCOM Red List Lebetus guilleti.pdfHELCOM Red List Lebetus guilletiLebetus guilletiData Deficient (DD)-
HELCOM Red List Lebetus scorpioides.pdfHELCOM Red List Lebetus scorpioidesLebetus scorpioidesData Deficient (DD)-
HELCOM Red List Lesueurigobius friesii.pdfHELCOM Red List Lesueurigobius friesiiLesueurigobius friesiiData Deficient (DD)-
HELCOM Red List Lycodes gracilis.pdfHELCOM Red List Lycodes gracilisLycodes gracilisData Deficient (DD)-
HELCOM Red List Symphodus melops.pdfHELCOM Red List Symphodus melopsSymphodus melopsLeast Concern (LC)-
HELCOM Red List Syngnathus acus.pdfHELCOM Red List Syngnathus acusSyngnathus acusLeast Concern (LC)-
HELCOM Red List Syngnathus typhle.pdfHELCOM Red List Syngnathus typhleSyngnathus typhleLeast Concern (LC)-
HELCOM Red List Taurulus bubalis.pdfHELCOM Red List Taurulus bubalisTaurulus bubalisLeast Concern (LC)-
HELCOM Red List Trachinus draco.pdfHELCOM Red List Trachinus dracoTrachinus dracoLeast Concern (LC)-
HELCOM Red List Triglopsis quadricornis.pdfHELCOM Red List Triglopsis quadricornisTriglopsis quadricornisLeast Concern (LC)-
HELCOM Red List Alburnus alburnus.pdfHELCOM Red List Alburnus alburnusAlburnus alburnusLeast Concern (LC)-
HELCOM Red List Alosa fallax.pdfHELCOM Red List Alosa fallaxAlosa fallaxLeast Concern (LC)-
HELCOM Red List Amblyraja radiata.pdfHELCOM Red List Amblyraja radiataAmblyraja radiataLeast Concern (LC)-
HELCOM Red List Ammodytes marinus.pdfHELCOM Red List Ammodytes marinusAmmodytes marinusLeast Concern (LC)-
HELCOM Red List Ammodytes tobianus.pdfHELCOM Red List Ammodytes tobianusAmmodytes tobianusLeast Concern (LC)-
HELCOM Red List Clupea harengus.pdfHELCOM Red List Clupea harengusClupea harengusLeast Concern (LC)-
HELCOM Red List Cobitis taenia.pdfHELCOM Red List Cobitis taeniaCobitis taeniaLeast Concern (LC)-
HELCOM Red List Coregonus albula.pdfHELCOM Red List Coregonus albulaCoregonus albulaLeast Concern (LC)-
HELCOM Red List Cottus gobio.pdfHELCOM Red List Cottus gobioCottus gobioLeast Concern (LC)-
HELCOM Red List Entelurus aequoreus.pdfHELCOM Red List Entelurus aequoreusEntelurus aequoreusLeast Concern (LC)-
HELCOM Red List Labrus bergylta.pdfHELCOM Red List Labrus bergyltaLabrus bergyltaLeast Concern (LC)-
HELCOM Red List Labrus mixtus.pdfHELCOM Red List Labrus mixtusLabrus mixtusLeast Concern (LC)-
HELCOM Red List Liparis liparis.pdfHELCOM Red List Liparis liparisLiparis liparisLeast Concern (LC)-
HELCOM Red List Liparis montagui.pdfHELCOM Red List Liparis montaguiLiparis montaguiLeast Concern (LC)-
HELCOM Red List Lumpenus lampretaeformis.pdfHELCOM Red List Lumpenus lampretaeformisLumpenus lampretaeformisLeast Concern (LC)-
HELCOM Red List Myoxocephalus scorpius.pdfHELCOM Red List Myoxocephalus scorpiusMyoxocephalus scorpiusLeast Concern (LC)-
HELCOM Red List Nerophis lumbriciformis.pdfHELCOM Red List Nerophis lumbriciformisNerophis lumbriciformisLeast Concern (LC)-
HELCOM Red List Nerophis ophidion.pdfHELCOM Red List Nerophis ophidionNerophis ophidionLeast Concern (LC)-
HELCOM Red List Pelecus cultratus.pdfHELCOM Red List Pelecus cultratusPelecus cultratusLeast Concern (LC)-
HELCOM Red List Phoxinus phoxinus.pdfHELCOM Red List Phoxinus phoxinusPhoxinus phoxinusLeast Concern (LC)-
HELCOM Red List Scyliorhinus canicula.pdfHELCOM Red List Scyliorhinus caniculaScyliorhinus caniculaLeast Concern (LC)-
HELCOM Red List Spinachia spinachia.pdfHELCOM Red List Spinachia spinachiaSpinachia spinachiaLeast Concern (LC)-
HELCOM Red List Somniosus microcephalus.pdfHELCOM Red List Somniosus microcephalusSomniosus microcephalusNot Applicable (NA)-
HELCOM Red List Squatina squatina.pdfHELCOM Red List Squatina squatinaSquatina squatinaNot Applicable (NA)-
HELCOM Red List Thunnus thynnus.pdfHELCOM Red List Thunnus thynnusThunnus thynnusNot Applicable (NA)-
HELCOM Red List Zeus faber.pdfHELCOM Red List Zeus faberZeus faberNot Applicable (NA)-
HELCOM Red List Alopias vulpinus.pdfHELCOM Red List Alopias vulpinusAlopias vulpinusNot Applicable (NA)-
HELCOM Red List Alosa alosa.pdfHELCOM Red List Alosa alosaAlosa alosaNot Applicable (NA)-
HELCOM Red List Ballerus ballerus.pdfHELCOM Red List Ballerus ballerusBallerus ballerusNot Applicable (NA)-
HELCOM Red List Barbus barbus.pdfHELCOM Red List Barbus barbusBarbus barbusNot Applicable (NA)-
HELCOM Red List Cetorhinus maximus.pdfHELCOM Red List Cetorhinus maximusCetorhinus maximusNot Applicable (NA)-
HELCOM Red List Chimaera monstrosa.pdfHELCOM Red List Chimaera monstrosaChimaera monstrosaNot Applicable (NA)-
HELCOM Red List Coryphaenoides rupestris.pdfHELCOM Red List Coryphaenoides rupestrisCoryphaenoides rupestrisNot Applicable (NA)-
HELCOM Red List Cottus poecilopus.pdfHELCOM Red List Cottus poecilopusCottus poecilopusNot Applicable (NA)-
HELCOM Red List Galeus melastomus.pdfHELCOM Red List Galeus melastomusGaleus malestomusNot Applicable (NA)-
HELCOM Red List Gobio gobio.pdfHELCOM Red List Gobio gobioGobio gobioNot Applicable (NA)-
HELCOM Red List Hippoglossus hippoglossus.pdfHELCOM Red List Hippoglossus hippoglossusHippoglossus hippoglossusNot Applicable (NA)-
HELCOM Red List Scomber scombrus.pdfHELCOM Red List Scomber scombrusScomber scombrusNot Applicable (NA)-
HELCOM Red List Sebastes norvegicus.pdfHELCOM Red List Sebastes norvegicusSebastes norvegicusNot Applicable (NA)-
HELCOM Red List Sebastes viviparus.pdfHELCOM Red List Sebastes viviparusSebastes viviparusNot Applicable (NA)-
HELCOM Red List Pollachius pollachius.pdfHELCOM Red List Pollachius pollachiusPollachius pollachiusNot Applicable (NA)-