HELCOM illegal oil discharges database contains information about oil and other harmful substance spills observed by HELCOM contracting parties during national and joint co-ordinated aerial surveillance activities.
Co-operation on aerial surveillance within the Baltic Sea area was established already during the 1980s within the framework of the Helsinki Commission (HELCOM). Through the Helsinki Convention (Article 14, Annex VII Regulation 7) the Contracting Parties (the nine Baltic countries and the European Commission) have agreed to develop and apply individually or in co-operation, surveillance activities covering the Baltic Sea area in order to spot and monitor oil and other substances released into the sea. The Contracting Parties have also committed themselves to undertake appropriate measures to conduct the surveillance by using, inter alia, airborne surveillance equipped with remote sensing systems. In addition to the provisions of the Helsinki Convention, the HELCOM Recommendation 12/8 recommends the Contracting Parties to take actions to cover the whole of the Baltic Sea area with regular and efficient airborne surveillance, develop and improve the existing remote sensing systems and to co-ordinate surveillance activities which take place outside territorial waters.
The illegal oil discharges data can be viewed from HELCOM Map and Data service.
Response to spills
HELCOM Map and Data Service
Maritime Activities in the Baltic Sea - An integrated thematic assessment on maritime activities and response to pollution at sea in the Baltic Sea region (2010)