​​Contribut​​​​ors and references​


Jaakko Mannio and Emmi Vähä – Finnish Environment Institute

Elisabeth Nyberg, Sara Danielsson, Anders Bignert, Swedish Museum for Natural History

HELCOM Expert Network on Hazardous Substances


This version of the HELCOM core indicator report was published in July 2018:

Polybrominated diphenyl ethers PBDEs HELCOM core indicator 2018 (pdf)

Previous versions of the core indicator report:

HOLAS II component - Core indicator report – July 2017 (pdf)


Bignert, A., Nyberg, E., Asplund, L., Eriksson, U. & Wilander, A. 2006. Metals and organic hazardous substances in marine biota, trend and spatial monitoring (Metaller och organiska miljögifter i marin biota, trend- och områdesövervakning). 122 p. Swedish Museum of Natural History.

Bignert, A., Danielsson, S., Faxneld, S., Ek, C., Nyberg, E. 2017. Comments Concerning the National Swedish Contaminant Monitoring Programme in Marine Biota, 2017, 4:2017, Swedish Museum of Natural History, Stockholm, Sweden.

Petersen G, Rasmussen D & Gustavson K (2007) Study of enhancing the endocrine disrupter priority list with a focus on low production volume chemicals. DHI report to European Commission (ENV.D.4/ETU/2005/0028r).

European Commission 2008a. Directive 2008/105/EC of the European Parliament and the Council on environmental quality standards in the field of water policy (Directive on Environmental Quality Standards). Off. J. Eur. Union L 348.

European Commission 2013. Directive 2013/39/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 12 August 2013 amending Directives 2000/60/EC and 2008/105/EC as regards priority substances in the field of water policy. Off. J. Eur. Union L 226: 1-17.

European Commission 2014. Guidance Document No. 32 on Biota Monitoring (the Implementation of EQSbiota) under the Water Framework Directive. Technical Report-2014-083.

EU-RAR 2000. European Union Risk assessment on pentabromodiphenyl ether. Final report. European Union Risk assessment report 5. 277 p. European Chemicals Bureau.

HELCOM (2010) Hazardous substances in the Baltic Sea – An integrated thematic assessment of hazardous substances in the Baltic Sea. Balt. Sea Environ. Proc. No. 120B. Available at: www.helcom.fi/publications

SCHER (2011) Scientific Committee on Health and Environmental Risks. Opinion on "Chemicals and the Water Framework Directive: Draft environmental quality standards". DG Health & Consumer Protection, European Commission.

de Winter-Sorkina R., Bakker M.I., Wolterink G. and Zeijlmaker M.J. (2006). Brominated flame retardants: occurrence, dietary intake and risk assessment. RIVM rapport 320100002 RIVM, Bilthoven, the Netherlands http://www.rivm.nl/bibliotheek/rapporten/320100002.html



HELCOM core indicator report
ISSN 2343-2543