Contributors and references

Contributors

Berit Brockmeyer – Federal Maritime and Hydrographic Agency in Germany

Mailis Laht – Estonian Environmental Research Centre 

 

Archive

This version of the HELCOM core indicator report was published in July 2018:

Polychlorinated biphenyls PCBs, dioxin and furan HELCOM core indicator 2018 (pdf)

Earlier versions of this indicator are available at:

HOLAS II component - core indicator report – web-based version July 2017 (pdf)


References

Bignert, A., Danielsson, S., Faxneld, S., Ek, C., Nyberg, E. 2017. Comments Concerning the National Swedish Contaminant Monitoring Programme in Marine Biota, 2017. 4:2017, Swedish Museum of Natural History, Stockholm, Sweden.

Bignert, A., Nyberg, E., Sundqvist, K.L., Wiberg, K., 2007. Spatial variation in concentrations and patterns of the PCDD/F and dioxin-like-PCB content in herring from the northern Baltic Sea. J. Environ. Monit. 9, 550–556.

Burreau S., Zebühr, Y., Bromar, D., and Ishaq, R. 2006. Biomagnification of PBDEs and PCBs in food webs from the Baltic Sea and northern Atlantic ocean. Sci. Tot. Environ. 366: 659–672.

Bäcklin, B-M., Madej, A., and Forsberg, M. 2010. Histolofy of ovaries and uteri and levels of plasma progesterone, ostradiol-17β and oestrone sulphate during the implantation period in mated and gonaotrophin-releasing hormone-treated mink (mustela vison) axposed to polychlorinated biphenlys. J. Appl. Tox. 17:297–306.

Carpenter, D., Arcaro, K., Bush, B., Niemi, W., Pang, S., and Vakharia, D. 1998. Human health and chemical mixtures: and overview. Env. Health Persp. 10+:1263–1270.

Carpenter, D. 2006. Polychlorinated biphenlys (PCBs): routes of exposure and effects on human health. Rev. Env. Health. 21, No 1.

EC, 2000. Directive 2000/76/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 4 December 2000 on the incineration of waste. Official Journal of the European Union L 332/91.

EC, 2000. Directive 2000/60/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council establishing a framework for the Community action in the field of water policy. Official Journal of the European Union L 327.

EC, 2001. Community Strategy for Dioxins, Furans and Polychlorinated Biphenyls. Communication from the Commission to the Council, the European Parliament and the Economic and Social Committee 593 final.

EC, 2006. Commission regulation (EC) No 1881/2006 of 19 December 2006 setting maximum levels for certain contaminants in foodstuffs. Official Journal of the European Union L 364/5.

EC, 2008. Directive 2008/1/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 15 January 2008 concerning integrated pollution prevention and control. Official Journal of the European Union L 24/8.

EC, 2009. Common implementation strategy for the Water Framework Directive (2000/60/EC), Guidance Document no.19, Guidance on surface water chemical monitoring under the Water Framework Directive. Technical Report-2009-025.

EC, 2010. Directive 2010/75/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 24  November 2010 on industrial emissions (Integrated Pollution Prevention And Control). Official Journal of the European Union L 334/17.

EC, 2011. Commission Regulation (EU) No 1259/2011 of 2 December 2011 amending Regulation (EC) No 1881/2006 as regards maximum levels for dioxins, dioxin-like PCBs and non dioxin-like PCBs in foodstuffs. Official Journal of the European Union L 320/18.

EC, 2013. Directive 2013/39/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 12 August 2013 amending Directives 2000/60/EC and 2008/105/EC as regards priority substances in the field of water policy. Official Journal of the European Union L 226/1.

Helander, B., Olsson, A., Bignert, A., Asplund, L., Litzén, K. 2002. The role of DDE, PCB, Coplanar PCB and eggshell parameters for reproduction in the white-tailed se eagle (Haliaeetus albicilla) in Sweden Ambio 31:387–403.

HELCOM, 2010. Implementing HELCOM's objective for hazardous substances, Recommendation 31E/1.

HELCOM (2010) Hazardous substances in the Baltic Sea – An integrated thematic assessment of hazardous substances in the Baltic Sea. Balt. Sea Environ. Proc. No. 120B. Available at: www.helcom.fi/publications

Helander, B., Olsson, A., Bignert, A., Asplund, L., Litzén, K. 2002. The role of DDE, PCB, Coplanar PCB and eggshell parameters for reproduction in the white-tailed se eagle (Haliaeetus albicilla) in Sweden Ambio 31:387–403.

Isosaari, P., Kankaanpaa, H., Mattila, J., Kiviranta, H., Verta, M., Salo, S., Vartiainen, T., 2002. Spatial distribution and temporal accumulation of polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins, dihenzofurans, and Biphenyls in the Gulf of Finland. Environ. Sci. Technol. 36:2560–2565.

Jensen, J.N. (2012) Temporal trends in contaminants in Herring in the Baltic Sea in the period 1980-2010. Baltic Sea Environment Fact Sheet 2012. Available at: http://www.helcom.fi/BSAP_assessment/ifs/ifs2012/en_GB/contaminants/

Karl, H., Bladt, A., Rottler, H., Ludwigs, R., Mathar, W., 2010. Temporal trends of PCDD, PCDF and PCB levels in muscle meat of herring from different fishing grounds of the Baltic Sea and actual data of different fish species from the Western Baltic Sea. Chemosphere 78:106–112.

Karl, H., Ruoff, U., 2007. Dioxins, dioxin-like PCBs and chloroorganic contaminants in herring, Clupea harengus, from different fishing grounds of the Baltic Sea. Chemosphere 67_90–95.

Mehtonen, J. 2009 Hazardous substances of specific concern to the Baltic Sea – Final report of the Hazardous project. Balt. Sea Environ. Proc. No. 119.

Olsson, Bignert, Eckhéll, Johnsson. 2000. Comparison of temporal trends (1940s-1990s) of DDT and PCB in Baltic sediment and biota in relation to eutrophication. Ambio 29(4): 19–201.

OSPAR, 2010a. Agreement on CEMP assessment criteria for the QSR 2010, OSPAR Commission, Ref no 2009-2.

OSPAR, 2010b. List of Chemicals for Priority Action, Ref. nr 2004-12.

Quass, U., Fermann, M., Broker, G., 2004. The European dioxin air emission inventory project - Final results. Chemosphere 54:1319–1327.

SCHER (2011) Scientific Committee on Health and Environmental Risks. Opinion on "Chemicals and the Water Framework Directive: Draft environmental quality standards". DG Health & Consumer Protection, European Commission.

Schneider, R. and Leipe, T. (2007). Historical and recent contents of PCB and organochlorine pesticides in sediments from Baltic Sea Basins. ICES CM 2007 / I:08, 1-15Sundqvist, K.L., Tysklind, M., Geladi, P., Cato, I., Wiberg, K., 2009. Congener fingerprints of tetra- through octa-chlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins and dibenzofurans in Baltic surface sediments and their relations to potential sources. Chemosphere 77:612–620.

Szlinder-Richert, J., Barska, I., Usydus, Z., Ruczynska, W., Grabic, R., 2009. Investigation of PCDD/Fs and dl-PCBs in fish from the southern Baltic Sea during the 2002–2006 period. Chemosphere 74:1509–1515.

Van den Berg, M., Birnbaum, L., Bosveld, A.T.C., Brunstrom, B., Cook, P., Feeley, M., Giesy, J.P., Hanberg, A., Hasegawa, R., Kennedy, S.W., Kubiak, T., Larsen, J.C., van Leeuwen, F.X.R., Liem, A.K.D., Nolt, C., Peterson, R.E., Poellinger, L., Safe, S., Schrenk, D., Tillitt, D., Tysklind, M., Younes, M., Waern, F., Zacharewski, T., 1998. Toxic equivalency factors (TEFs) for PCBs, PCDDs, PCDFs for humans and wildlife. Environ. Health Perspect. 106:775–792.

Van den Berg, M., Birnbaum, L.S., Denison, M., De Vito, M., Farland, W., Feeley, M., Fiedler, H., Hakansson, H., Hanberg, A., Haws, L., Rose, M., Safe, S., Schrenk, D., Tohyama, C., Tritscher, A., Tuomisto, J., Tysklind, M., Walker, N., Peterson, R.E., 2006. The 2005 World Health Organization reevaluation of human and mammalian toxic equivalency factors for dioxins and dioxin-like compounds. Toxicol. Sci. 93:223–241.

Verta, M., Salo, S., Korhonen, M., Assmuth, T., Kiviranta, H., Koistinen, J., Ruokojarvi, P., Isosaari, P., Bergqvist, P.A., Tysklind, M., Cato, I., Vikelsoe, J., Larsen, M.M., 2007. Dioxin concentrations in sediments of the Baltic Sea - A survey of existing data. Chemosphere 67, 1762–1775.

 

Additional relevant publications

EC, 2016. Commission Recommendation (EU) 2016/688 of 2 May 2016 on the monitoring and management of the presence of dioxins and PCBs in fish and fishery products from the Baltic region. Official Journal of the European Union L 118/16.

 


HELCOM core indicator report
ISSN 2343-2543