Contributors and references

Contributors

Wera Leujak, Federal Environment Agency, Germany

Marina Carstens, Ministry of Agriculture and Environment, Germany

Vivi Fleming-Lehtinen, HELCOM Secretariat and SYKE, Finland

Urmas Lips, Tallinn University of Technology, Estonia

Stella-Theresa Stoicescu, Tallinn University of Technology, Estonia

Joni Kaitaranta, HELCOM Secretariat

Owen Rowe, HELCOM Secretariat

With contributions from other participants of HELCOM EUTRO-OPER and HELCOM IN-Eutrophication

 

Archive

This version of the HELCOM core indicator report was published in July 2018:

Total nitrogen HELCOM core indicator 2018 (pdf)

Earlier versions of the core indicator report include:

HOLAS II component - Core indicator report – web-based version July 2017 (pdf)

 

References

Andersen, J.H., Murray, C., Kaartokallio, H., Axe, P., Molvær, J., 2010. A simple method for confidence rating of eutrophication status assessments. Mar. Pollut. Bull. 60:919–924.

Anonymous (2000). Directive 200/60/EC of the european parliament and of the council of 23 October 2000 establishing a framework for community action in the field of water policy. Official Journal of the European Communities L 327/1.

Anonymous (2008). Directive 2008/56/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council. 17 June 2008. Establishing a Framework for Community Action in the Field of Marine Environmental Policy. Marine Strategy Framework Directive. 22p.

Anonymous (2017). COMMISSION DECISION (EU)2017/848 of 17 May 2017 laying down criteria and methodological standards on good environmental status of marine waters and specifications and standardised methods for monitoring and assessment, and repealing Decision 2010/477/EU.

BLANO (2014). Harmonisierte Hintergrund- und Orientierungswerte für Nährstoffe und Chlorophyll-a in den deutschen Küstengewässern der Ostsee sowie Zielfrachten und Zielkonzentrationen für die Einträge über die Gewässer. Bund-Länder-Ausschuss Nord- und Ostsee (BLANO), Stand 6.10.2014, revised version 16.04.2015; http://www.meeresschutz.info/sonstige-berichte.html.

Carstensen, J., Conley, D. J., Andersen, J. H., & Ærtebjerg, G. (2006). Coastal eutrophication and trend reversal: A Danish case study. Limnology and Oceanography, 51(1part2), 398–408. https://doi.org/10.4319/lo.2006.51.1_part_2.0398

Federal Surface Water Ordinance (2016). Verordnung zum Schutz von Oberflächengewässern vom 20.6.2016. Bundesgesetzblatt Jahrgang 2016, Teil 1, Nummer 28, ausgegeben zu Bonn am 23. Juni 2016: 1373-1443.  https://www.bgbl.de/xaver/bgbl/start.xav?start=%2F%2F*%5B%40attr_id%3D%27bgbl116s0745.pdf%27%5D#__bgbl__%2F%2F*%5B%40attr_id%3D%27bgbl116s0745.pdf%27%5D__1496071661783

Fleming-Lehtinen, V., Andersen, J.H., Carstensen, J., Łysiak-Pastuszak, E., Murray, C., Pyhälä, M. and Laamanen, M, 2015. Recent developments in assessment methodology reveal that the Baltic Sea eutrophication problem is expanding. Ecological Indicators 48:380-388.

HELCOM (2007) Baltic Sea Action Plan. Baltic Sea Environment Protection Commission. 101p.

HELCOM, 2013. Approaches and methods for eutrophication target setting in the Baltic Sea region. In: Baltic Sea Environment Proceedings 133, 147 pp. Retrieved via: http://www.helcom.fi/Lists/Publications/BSEP133.pdf.

Hirt, U., Mahnkopf, J., Gadegast, M., Czudowski, L., Mischke, U., Heidecke, C., Schernewski, G. and Venhohr, M. 2013. Reference conditions for rivers of the German Baltic Sea catchment: reconstructing nutrient regimes using the model MONERIS. Reg Environ Change DOI 10.1007/s10113-013-0559-7.

Schernewski, G., Friedland, R., Carstens, M., Hirt, U., Leujak, W., Nausch, G., Neumann, T., Petenati, T,. Sagert, S., Wasmund, N. and von Weber, M. 2015. Implementation of European marine policy: New water quality targets for German Baltic Waters. Marine Policy 51:305-321.

 

 

HELCOM core indicator report,
 ISSN 2343-2543