adopted by State&Conservation
The 2013 HELCOM Copenhagen Ministerial Declaration
acknowledges that due to radioactive fallout from the Chernobyl accident the
Baltic Sea has the highest concentrations of 137Cs of any regional
sea and recognizes the risk of pollution by radioactive substances caused by
nuclear accidents in the Baltic Sea catchment area or farther away. The Baltic Sea furthermore ranks third in the world with respect to 90Sr
in seawater, with only the Irish Sea and the Black Sea showing higher
Development in the energy supply sector within both HELCOM Contracting
Parties and in the Baltic Sea Region in general, shows continued use of nuclear
energy. This requires enhanced cooperation between the countries of the Region
on matters related to prevention of environmental impacts on the Baltic Sea
ecosystem from operating as well as planned nuclear installations.
Therefore, HELCOM reconfirmed at the HELCOM Copenhagen
Ministerial Meeting in 2013 its task to continue monitoring of radioactive
substances in accordance with HELCOM Recommendation 26/3 and making assessments
of the impacts of radioactivity on the marine environment and humans.
The HELCOM 2018 Brussels Ministerial Declaration
further noted that radioactivity continues to be a
cause of concern, but it is expected that concentrations of radioactive
substances indicative of good status could be achieved by 2020.
Expert Group on Monitoring of Radioactive Substances in the Baltic Sea
(hereinafter – HELCOM MORS EG)
aims to implement monitoring of radioactive substances and making assessments
of the impacts of radioactivity on the marine environment and humans within the
scope of work as described below. The HELCOM
MORS EG will base its work on the expertise and knowledge of the HELCOM
MORS Group collected since 1986.
The overall objective of the HELCOM MORS EG is to implement the Helsinki Convention on matters related to
monitoring and assessment of radioactive substances in the Baltic
Sea. The work is based on relevant HELCOM Recommendations and will
support the State and Conservation
Working Group (HELCOM STATE &
specifically the HELCOM MORS EG aims:
The Group will be subordinate to HELCOM State & Conservation and will provide
collection, validation and evaluation of the environmental data and discharge data on radioactivity submitted to the HELCOM databases; the risks to humans and marine life caused by direct discharges to the Baltic Sea as well as long-range transport of radioactive substances;to ascertain that all aspects of quality assurance of analytical data are covered within the monitoring activities. This will be done in close co-operation with the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA);
4.1 The HELCOM MORS EG will consist of experts representing
4.2 The Chairperson of the HELCOM MORS EG shall be elected by the participants of the Group for a two-year period. The Group can propose a chairperson in the meeting
before the election year in order to prepare the person for the expected work
4.3 The Rules of Procedure applicable to the conduct of the business of the Helsinki Commission apply mutatis mutandis to the work of the HELCOM MORS EG (cf. para 7.7 of the Rules of Procedure of the Helsinki Commission).
4.4 The work of HELCOM MORS EG will be supervised and guided by HELCOM STATE & CONSERVATION.
4.5 The Contracting Parties will be responsible to carry out the monitoring programme according to relevant HELCOM Recommendations and to cover the expenses for the participation of members in the work of the HELCOM MORS EG.
4.6 The HELCOM Secretariat will provide administrative support to the HELCOM MORS EG.
4.7 The Secretariat may, in consultation with the Chairperson, invite additional experts on a case by case basis to the HELCOM MORS EG; to give presentations or to participate in its work;
4.8 Meetings will be held at appropriate intervals and at least once a year in accordance with the Working Programme to be approved by HELCOM State & Conservation/HELCOM HOD.
4.9 The HELCOM MORS EG will regularly report to the HELCOM State & Conservation as concerning monitoring and trends of the radioactive substances at sea as well as regarding inputs of radioactive substances to the Baltic from land-based sources.
4.10 The HELCOM MORS EG will be represented at State and Conservation Working Group meetings, when feasible, by a national representative from the host country.
4.11 The HELCOM MORS EG will exchange information, and also inform the State and Conservation Working Group on unexpected results and incidents concerning radioactivity.
Ms. Jannica HaldinProfessional SecretaryPhone: +358 40 485 5905E-mail: email@example.com
Guidelines for Monitoring of Radioactive Substances (2017)
Database on radionuclide discharges
Database on radionuclide concentrations in the marine environment
Thematic assessment of long-term changes in radioactivity in the Baltic Sea, 2007-2010 (2013)
Radioactivity in the Baltic Sea, 1999-2006 - HELCOM thematic assessment (2009)
Long-lived radionuclides in the seabed of the Baltic Sea; Report of the Sediment Baseline Study of HELCOM MORS-PRO in 2000-2005 (2007)