The history of HELCOM Ministerial Meetings, Diplomatic and High Level Conferences, goes back almost 40 years. These prestigious sessions have significantly contributed to regional actions for a healthier Baltic Sea.
1974 • HelsinkiThe Baltic Sea coastal countries signed the Convention on the Protection of the Marine Environment of the Baltic Sea Area (1974 Helsinki Convention).
1988 • HelsinkiA 50% reduction goal set for the total discharges of nutrients and hazardous substances by 1995.
1990 • RonnebyAn ad hoc high level Task Force established to coordinate and prepare for a joint comprehensive programme.
1992 • HelsinkiThe new Helsinki Convention signed by coastal countries and the EU. The Baltic Sea Joint Comprehensive Environmental Action Programme (JCP) approved and the Programme Implementation Task Force established.
1993 • GdanskResource mobilisation for the JCP discussed.
1994 • HelsinkiAgreed to develop a system of Coastal and Marine Baltic Sea Protected Areas (BSPAs) and to complie data on threatened biotopes.
1998 • HelsinkiProgress considered in the 50% reduction goal set in 1988; the objective set to continuously reduce pollution.
2001 • CopenhagenMeasures adopted on the safety of navigation and emergency capacity in the Baltic Sea area.
2003 • BremenPriority issues for HELCOM agreed: ecosystem approach including nature conservation and biodiversity, joint monitoring and assessment, maritime and response activities as well as eutrophication and hazardous substances. Joint session with OSPAR.
2007 • KrakowHELCOM Baltic Sea Action Plan adopted to radically reduce pollution to the Baltic Sea and restore its good ecological status by 2021.
2010 • MoscowThe Baltic Sea coastal countries presented their National Implementation Programmes to achieve the objectives of the HELCOM Baltic Sea Action Plan.