View to the Bosphorus. Photo: Miia Mannerla
The Black Sea suffers from eutrophication like the Baltic Sea does. The food webs in the Black Sea have undergone drastic changes during the recent decades, and that makes eutrophication effects more complex than in the Baltic Sea.
The project "Environmental monitoring of the Black Sea with focus on nutrient pollution" (Baltic2Black) aims to enhance the protection of the Black Sea from eutrophication. The focus of the project is on transfer of knowledge between the regions on assessment of eutrophication and monitoring of nutrient loads.
Baltic2Black is a collaboration project between the Secretariats of the Black Sea Commission (lead partner) and HELCOM (partner). The Black Sea Commission is the intergovernmental body established for the implementation of the Convention on the Protection of the Black Sea against Pollution (Bucharest Convention). The Convention was ratified by all six legislative assemblies of the Black Sea countries (Bulgaria, Georgia, Romania, Turkey, Ukraine and Russia) in 1994. The Permanent Secretariat of the Commission is located in Istanbul, Turkey.
The project is funded by the European Commission, DG ENVIRONMENT.
The project's main mode of work is joint workshops involving relevant experts from both regions. In these interactive workshops, HELCOM's experts have been involved in the following tasks:
For HELCOM, the project facilitates the implementation of the task agreed in the HELCOM Moscow Ministerial Declaration: "Agree for those Contracting Parties to the Helsinki Convention being also partners to the other Regional Seas Conventions to further strengthen the co-operation with those Commissions, in particular, with a view to achieve our common goals of a healthy marine environment."
Monitoring and assessment