Development of the marine protected natural area in the Baltic Sea through extension of the Curonian Spit National Park by accession of the adjacent water area for maintaining ecological coherence of MPA network in South-Eastern part of the Baltic Sea
The HELCOM Moscow Ministerial Declaration 2010 agreed i.a. to secure the establishment of a network of Baltic Sea Protected Areas (BSPAs) that contributes to the protection of the entire ecosystem. The Curonian Spit is a 98 km long, thin, curved sand-dune spit that separates the Curonian Lagoon from the Baltic Sea. Its southern portion lies within Kaliningrad Oblast, Russia and its northern part within south-western Lithuania. It is a transboundary peninsula and a UNESCO World Heritage Site shared by the two countries.
The BASE project assists in achieving the commitments made under the Baltic Sea Action Plan. This specific pilot activity supports the achievement of a favourable status of Baltic Sea biodiversity by improving the ecological coherence of the marine Specially Protected Natural Areas (as defined in the Russian categorization) network by extension of the maritime protected zone of the Curonian Spit National Park.