links to results

The SPICE project was designed to contribute directly to the finalization of the 'Second HELCOM Holistic Assessment of Ecosystem Health in the Baltic Sea (HOLAS II)' that was carried out by HELCOM through the HOLAS II project. The assessment covers the whole Baltic Sea marine region and provides information on the overall environmental status of and pressures on the Baltic Sea as well as social and economic aspects that are linked to the status of the Sea and the human activities impacting upon it. The assessment is developed to follow-up the goals and objectives agreed by all coastal countries and EU in the HELCOM Baltic Sea Action Plan (BSAP, 2007) as well as to be used for the 2018 reporting under the EU Marine Strategy Framework Directive (MSFD) as agreed by those Contracting Parties of the Helsinki Convention that are also EU Member States. The approaches of HOLAS II and SPICE follows as relevant the revised Commission Decision on GES criteria.

The development of the second holistic assessment is carried out in two steps: a first version was successfully published in June 2017, consisting of a summary report and supplementary material, all of which is published on a dedicated website. An updated version, including 2016 data and refined methodology, was published in June 2018.

Final summary report

Theme 1. Deliverable 1.3.1 - Design of the assessment web pages, for the purpose of building interest and presenting the assessment results

Theme 1. Deliverable 1.3.2 - Design and creation of high-quality visualizations of the main results

Theme 1. Deliverable 1.3.3 - Visual outlook for figures (both print and online)






Theme 3. Deliverable 3.1 Developing the ecosystem service approach in the ESA framework

Theme 3. Deliverable 3.2 Recommendations on regional economic and social analyses for European marine areas

Theme 3. Deliverable 3.3 Development of a regional “business-as-usual” scenario (BAU) to be used as a baseline in the integrated assessment of the marine environment

Theme 3. Deliverable 3.4 Developing tools towards integrated assessment of the marine environment

Theme 4. Deliverable 4.1.1 A step-wise method guideline for carrying out a technical assessment of the lost, disturbed and adversely affected area (km2) of benthic and pelagic habitat types from different activities

Theme 4. Deliverable 4.1.2 A practical guidance how different hierarchical levels of habitats (e.g. broader and more-detailed HELCOM underwater biotopes) can be tackled within the same assessment

Theme 4. Deliverable 4.2.1 Definition of adversely affected habitats

Theme 4. Deliverable 4.2.2 Spatial data layers with realistic extent estimates of lost and disturbed habitats

Theme 4. Deliverable 4.2.3 Cross-comparison of environmental assessments and pressures

Theme 4. Deliverable 4.2.4 Test thresholds for an assessment of habitats

Theme 4. Deliverable 4.2.5 Propose how the thresholds can be applied for the development of environmental targets affecting seabed habitats