The main target of the project is to ensure and maintain high quality standard of the international Baltic regional phytoplankton monitoring within the HELCOM COMBINE Programme. This should be achieved by:
Quality assurance of data is an important component of the HELCOM monitoring programme, and measures were early taken to evaluate and improve the recommended methods through intercalibrations between the different partners. In 1991 HELCOM PEG was established, with the main aim to unify methods of collection, counting and identification of phytoplankton species. Since accurate biomass estimates are important in phytoplankton monitoring, PEG has also made considerable efforts to standardise size-classes and biovolumes of phytoplankton species found in the Baltic Sea. The use of a standardised species list with fixed size-classes and biovolumes is a decisive measure to improve the quality of the phytoplankton counting method and the comparability of results.
The main activity within the project will be carried out at the annual workshops. The following types of activities are planned:
At the training courses it is planned to consider:
Intercalibrations and further unifying the counting method includes:
The venue of the workshops will be circulated between the Contracting
Parties and their marine laboratories. Suggested host countries are: Finland in
2014, Estonia in 2015 and Germany or Sweden in 2016.
The project period is three
years. Ms. Iveta Jurgensone, Latvia, will be the convener during 2014-2016.
The outcome of the project will be:
In this project the HELCOM priorities are met by assuring that the quality of the phytoplankton data is high enough to evaluate effects of eutrophication, changes in biodiversity and long-term trends. This data is for example crucial for the work with the EU Water Frame Directive.
The project will be carried out in 2014-2016 as continuation to the ongoing HELCOM PEG project for 2011-2013. More specific timetable:
Regular tasks will be discussed during all workshops, especially:
Specific tasks for the separate workshops are:
The workshop will be held in Finland.
The workshop will be held in Estonia.
The workshop will be held in Germany or Sweden.
Biovolume file, with biovolumes and fixed size-classes used
for the calculation of phytoplankton biomass in routine monitoring of Baltic Sea
phytoplankton (updated 2013). For geometrical shapes used, see Olenina
et al 2006. Note that the above Excel-file of biovolumes should be used both
for species and biovolume list in routine monitoring of Baltic Sea
Phytoplankton sampling and analysis is carried out according to the Phytoplankton monitoring manual within the HELCOM COMBINE.
View HELCOM phytoplankton sampling stations via an interactive data and map service.
Protocols of PEG meetings
HELCOM Baltic Sea environment fact sheets and reports about phytoplankton, produced by PEG:
Cyanobacteria biomass indicator (Baltic Sea Environment Fact Sheet 2013, 2012 and 2011)
unusual phytoplankton event five years later: the fate of the atypical
range expansion of marine species into the south eastern Baltic (HELCOM Baltic Sea Environment Fact Sheet 2010)
Impact of invasive phytoplankton species on the Baltic Sea ecosystem 1980-2008 (HELCOM Baltic Sea Environment Fact Sheet 2009)
Unusual phytoplankton event during
winter-spring 2007-2008 (Baltic Sea Environment Fact Sheet 2008)
Cyanobacteria bloom index (Baltic Sea Environment Fact Sheet 2008)
Shifts in the Baltic Sea summer phytoplankton
communities in 1992-2006 (HELCOM Indicator Fact Sheet 2007)
of Baltic Sea Phytoplankton Species (Hällfors 2004). Species reported from
the Baltic Sea until 2004.
Image gallery of Baltic phytoplankton species
HELCOM PEG image gallery at the Nordic Microalgae web site
IOW-photo gallery of phytoplankton
Baltic Sea Portal – Photos of Baltic Sea Phytoplankton
Checklist of phytoplankton in the Skagerrak-Kattegat
Polish image gallery
On-line database on cyanobacterial genera
Dinoflagellates – Centers of
Excellence for Dinophyte Taxonomy
Ms. Iveta Jurgensone (Chair)Latvian Institute of Aquatic EcologyDaugavgrivas 8LV-1048 Riga, Latviaiveta.firstname.lastname@example.orgTel: +371 67610850
Ms. Ulla Li Zweifel
(Gear WG, State and Conservation WG)
email@example.comTel: +358 46 850 9198