The HOLAS II project gives an
update on the overall state of ecosystem health in the Baltic Sea.
The assessment follows up on the goals of the Baltic Sea Action Plan, and
is developed so that the results can support reporting under the
EU Marine Strategy Framework Directive (MSFD) by those Contracting Parties
to the Helsinki Convention that are also EU member states.
The project ran from 2014-2018.
A first version of the report was released in mid-2017. The updated report was released in mid-2018.
The results can be accessed via the dedicated web page stateofthebalticsea.helcom.fi.
develops common concepts and methods for status assessment, and
performs assessments at regional scale. HELCOM core indicators form
the basis for the assessment of environmental status. Aggregated results are
produced using assessment tools, which are developed and tested as part of
HOLAS II and supporting projects.
The main building blocks are:
Distribution of human activities
and pressures in the Baltic Sea. Cumulative impacts are
assessed using the Baltic Sea Pressure and Impact Index
Indicator results based on HELCOM Core indicators
covering key pressures and biodiversity of the Baltic Sea
Integrated status assessments for Biodiversity,
Eutrophication and Hazardous substances.
Economic and social analyses to support
regional assessments of the use of marine waters and cost of
HOLAS II receives technical guidance from the HELCOM group State and Conservation as well as other Working Groups as appropriate. The project is supervised by the Group on the Implementation of the Ecosystem Approach (Gear).
The HOLAS II Core Team guides the project to ensure that national and regional aspects are aligned. The Core Team consists of representative of HELCOM members, which are also national contact points to support the project with expertise and data flow
The assessments included in HOLAS II have been supported by work of the following projects: CORESET II, EUTRO-OPER, BalticBOOST, TAPAS, SPICE, as well as by the work of HELCOM networks and projects.
Meetings and workshops
For documents and outcomes of the meetings of the HOLAS II Core team and the associated workshops, see "Past meetings" under the HELCOM Meeting Portal
Haldin Professional Secretary
(Gear WG, State and Conservation WG)jannica.haldin(at)helcom.fiTel: +358
40 485 5905
State of the Baltic Sea – Second HELCOM holistic assessment 2011–2016 (PDF 31 MB)
The report contents are also available on the State of the Baltic Sea website
Baltic Sea Environment Proceedings No. 122: Ecosystem Health of the Baltic Sea - HELCOM Initial Holistic Assessment (2010; PDF 3.3 MB)